查拳是中國拳術之一。回族人最喜愛的拳種,盛行於山東、河南、河北各省。查拳起源於山東冠縣張尹莊(又名一里莊),由回族人查尚義(查密爾)、滑宗岐、武殿璋等人創編並在回民中傳播。動作技術特點:查拳經過幾百年的歷史繁衍,技藝木斷得到充實與提高,逐漸形成了集查、滑、炮、洪、腿(彈腿)於一個體系。其技術系統完整,内容豐富,功法全面,藝理俱精。                                                                                                 (一)查拳的基本技法、特點: 查拳重視腿法練習,内容豐富,如:低踢、平踢、低踩、斜踩、蹬腿、闖腿、掃腿、纏腿、雙飛腿、鏇風腿、鷂子腳等,都適當的分布在每一趟拳路中,錯綜而緊密的配合在必要的動作中。綜合其腿法歸結爲十五個字,它們是:跺、彈、踢、踹、潑、掃、勾、掛、排、纏、點、撩、截、拐。 查拳的基本功套路,包括以腿法見長的"彈腿",以"僕步穿掌"爲主要動作的"滑步抄"的以拳法爲主的"搗捶"組成。這些基本套路均爲十路,基本動作簡單易學,左右對稱,即可單練,又可串連對練。                                                                                                        (二)彈腿是查拳的主要基本功,它以彈腿和其它腿法爲主要内容,接回文二十八個字母排列組成的二十八個基本動作組合,叫二十八路彈腿。目前流行的是前十路,後十八路比較複雜,爲了便於記憶,把它編成兩套類似拳套的套路叫腿拳勢,分爲一趟腿拳勢,二趟腿拳勢。因此,世人常雲"南京到北京,彈腿出在教門中"。

(三) 傳統查拳較高級套路有十路,又因在第一,二路中又各有一正一付兩路,爲十二路,後副拳又發展爲十路,即正拳十路、副拳十路。通俗叫法是:一趟拳、二趟拳、三趟拳等等,也有按名稱來區分的即:一路母子,二路行手,三路飛腳,四路升平,五路關東,六路埋伏,七路梅花,八路連環,九路龍擺尾,十路串拳。其中四路升平(正拳),是流行最廣的一路,是查拳標志型套路,被譽爲查拳之祖,是查拳的母拳,有的流派稱也稱其爲“母子拳”,被人們所尊崇。查拳中很多攻防動作,都歸納在踢、打、摔、拿之中。在運用時,還要靈活掌握"十字要決":即:縮、小、綿、軟、巧、挫、速、硬、脆、滑。

7d33e0a3ga1da4d10f20a&690.jpg 張式查拳張文廣宗師

p112563928581.jpg 張式查拳張文廣宗師

 01300000435438130788304366275_s.jpg 1994年張文廣宗師指導黃連順查拳1994 Grandmaster Zhang Guang Huang Lianshun boxing guidance             

01300000435438134702250704848_s.jpg 張文廣宗師及張式查拳傳人Zhang Guang Zhang style guru and boxing successor

 


   縮如張弓蓄巨力。發力如放矢;
   綿而不斷意力隨,變化分虛實;
   軟能克剛隨機變,借力出奇計;
   巧生智力靈活用,巧技打拙遲;
   挫則側身跟步進,閃展騰挪擊;
   速如閃電莫遲疑,快打出不意;
   硬如鋼錐戳軟泥,沖撞莫松弛;
   脆如爆竹發寸力,克堅如摧壁;
   滑能化消敵人力,乘虛再進擊。


   查拳的動作采用了五種動物形象的特點,即:龍,虎,蛇,鶴、猴。

   龍:升降自如,能隱能現,蜿蜒繚繞,變化萬千。
   虎:勇猛善撲,伏坐縱躍,目光如電,不動自威。
   蛇:無足善竄,見孔即入,摺叠盤轉,曲伸自然。
   鶴:動中有靜,動靜互換,隻身獨立,耐久穩健。
   猴:攀登跳躍,靈活輕便,機警性敏,竄蹦閃展。

查拳拳譜


   查拳流派眾多,不同的流派,其拳譜不盡相同。從下面所選錄的四路查拳拳譜的幾個版本,可觀其一斑。   (一)

   變化無窮四路拳,伏按撩陰腿當先。
   套步伸掌右彈足,上步夜叉探海勢。
   白鶴亮翅貫兩扇,顺風擺柳托天勢。
   套步伸掌右彈足,抽捶撤步跨雙拳。
   轉身挑打馬步勢,引手劈掌挨身靠。
   鯨魚合口敗勢觀,轉身跌打回馬腿。
   劈掌挑打不用髖,套步鷂子抓肩勢。
   雙峰貫耳窩心拳,上步叠掌套步拳。
   上步單臂擒方臘,撤步五子對雙拳。
   行步二起攔腰掌,套步扁腿踢打拳。
   烏龍擺尾沖天炮,四路查拳天下傳。

   (二)

   四路拳查密爾傳, 行步展翅黄鷹架.
   扶按撩陰腿當先。 倒退三步手托天。
   穿袖歇步按正跨, 入海迎門三不護,
   偷步沖拳右足彈。 沖拳撤步跨右拳。
   上步夜叉探海式, 轉身挑打馬步式,
   削掌護膝跨弔鞍。 撤步擺掌把腿懸。
   引手披掌貼身靠, 撤步子午按雙拳,
   研手分掌要用肩。 上步托掌頂心肘。
   轉身梅花白鶴展, 迎面擊掌不容寬,
   金龍合口跨弔鞍。 提腿抱拳雙手展。
   敗勢誘敵回頭觀, 歇步撑紮攔正面,
   行步快速如閃電。 穿袖護膝把腿懸。
   轉身接打馬步腿, 沖拳接打顺步腿,
   虛步挑掌穩如山。 側身左踹右足彈。
   引手撩掌出步忙, 穿袖護肩蓋面掌,
   二虎登山迎面掌。 敗勢摺打勢沖天。
   對面挑打不容寬, 抽梁換柱急振步,
   撤步鷂子抓肩勢。 定步穿心十字拳。
   開手提腿蹦起拳, 手按七星忙撤步,
   上步單背擒雙蠟。 顺鳳擺旗式法全。

   (三)

   先人傳下四趟拳,伏闞撩陰腿當先。
   削掌回捶湯瓶式,撤步帶掌跨中間。
   偷步接打往前進,左手削掌右腿彈。
   提膝迎門三不顧,白鶴亮翅落亭前。
   燕子吸泥貼地行,起步前跳賽飛箭。
   撤步單跨往上頂,鑽門接代馬步拳。
   懷中抱月進步靠,白鶴亮翅在亭前。
   仙人抖衣分雙掌,金龍合口雙爪現。
   弧行掌回馬一腿,青龍翻身刷爪探。
   側身跨虎把山上,泰山壓頂式難擋。
   左右開弓最難防,鷂子抓肩回頭望。
   提步跨虎擒方臘,斜身回頭望明月。
   將軍手推兩扇門,釘心抓鷹猛鐵杉。
   偷步點金馬步打,起步雙展如飛燕。
   雲手跳步護身掌,迎門推掌進單腳。
   分掌側瞪五虎拳,撤步轉身上下翻。
   金雞獨立尋窩巢,穿掌震腳勁沖天。
   二郎擔山趕日月,猛虎蓋打七星拳。
   顺風擺旗中間立,收式虛步對雙拳。
   人問此拳名和姓,四路查拳天下傳。
   (四)


   變化無窮四路拳,扶按撩陰腿當先。
   抽袖瞭襟鞍正跨,套步沖捶右足彈。
   上步夜叉探海勢,掀掌撩步跨雕鞍。
   擠步箭起黄鶯架,套步沖捶勢朝天。
   陸海迎門三不顧,提步箭踢栽捶勢。
   抽捶撤步跨雙拳,轉身接打騎馬勢。
   把捶立掌左腿懸,引手劈掌挨身靠。
   白鶴亮翅貫兩肩,鯨魚合口擺勢奇。
   敗人誘敵回頭觀,鏇轉接打回馬腿。
   撩掌跨虎穩如山,活步二虎登山勢。
   劈拳挑打不容寬,套步鷂子抓肩勢。
   霧雲接打在里邊,提步跨虎崩雙拳。
   上步雙抱懷中月,撤步五子對雙拳。
   開步托掌頂心肘,迎面劈掌上下翻。
   套步顛觔多勇猛,抬步抱膝雙手展。
   瀉步顺步攔正面,穿掌護膝把腿卷。
   上步接打顺步腿,側身左跺右足彈。
   穿袖套步護肩掌,敗勢跌打勢沖天。
   抽梁換步急震步,穿袖定心勢單鞭。
   手接七星忙撤步,顺風擺柳勢法全。
   有人要問拳名姓,四路查拳海内傳。
   (《傳統查拳》)
                                                                                                                                                     

Boxing is one of the Chinese boxing. Hui people's favorite boxing, popular in Shandong, Henan, Hebei provinces. Boxing originated in Guan County, Shandong Zhang Yin Chong (aka one in the village), compose the Hui people check Shangyi (check mils), slip cases Qi, 武殿璋 et al and spread in Hui in.Action Features: boxing after several hundred years of history of reproduction, art wood off to be enriched and improvement, and gradually formed a set of check, slip, guns, flood, leg (Leg-Snap) in a system. Its technology system full, rich content, comprehensive exercises, all fine arts management.(A) the basic boxing techniques, features:


  Boxing pay attention to leg exercises, rich content, such as: low kick, kick flat, low step, ramp step, kick, break legs, leg sweep, wrapped legs, Flying legs, cyclone leg, foot kite, have the appropriate distribution each trip fist path, intricate and tight fit in the necessary action. Leg attributed to a combination of its ten five words, they are: stamp, bombs, kick, kick, splash, sweep, hook, hanging, row, tied, point, pull, cut, Abduction.

  Boxing routine basic skills, including leg techniques known for "Snap Boxing" to "step through palm servant" as the main action of "sliding copy" to boxing based "pound hammer" component. These basic routines are ten road, easy to learn the basic movements, symmetrical, you can Danlian, but also on the training series.(B) Snap Boxing boxing is the main basic skills, it Snap Boxing and other main contents of leg, then palindrome twenty-eight alphabetical composed twenty-eight basic action combination called twenty eight Snap Boxing . Currently popular are the top ten road, the eighteenth road is more complex, in order to facilitate memory, it compiled two similar glove routine called leg Quan Shi, Quan Shi into a trip leg, second leg trip Quan Shi. Therefore, people often cloud "Nanjing to Beijing, the teaching Snap Boxing door."

 (Iii) traditional boxing routine ten higher road, because they have a pair of two-way positive in the first, two-way, and for the 12 Road, after ten vice-fist and development path, that is a positive fist ten road Vice fist ten road. Popular name are: a trip fist, fist two times, three times boxing, etc., also have to distinguish by name, that is: one mother, two-way line of hand, three-way Gamba, four dances, Rd Kanto, six road ambush seven road plum, eight rings, nine road Long wagging tail, ten road train boxing. Wherein four Shengping (positive fist), is the most widely popular all the way, is a flag boxing routines, known as progenitor check boxing, boxing is boxing's mother, said some schools also referred to as "the mother of boxing" , it had been respected.Many boxing offensive and defensive actions, are summarized in the kick, hit, throw, get into. In the use, but also flexibility, "Cross to decide": namely: shrink, small, soft, soft, clever, down, fast, hard, brittle, slippery.Shrink as Juli bow storage. Force as pointless;
  Mian intended to force constantly with changes Notional;
  Soft can overcome random variable, leveraging surprisingly meter;
  Clever and flexible use raw intelligence, clever technology to fight late humble;
  Then fell sideways with stepping flash show maneuvers strike;
  Quick as lightning Mo hesitated, fast play unexpectedly;
  Hard as steel cone stamp ooze, the collision MO relaxation;
  Brittle hair as firecrackers inch force, Kejian as destroy walls;
  Slip can turn eliminate enemy forces, headed the attack again.

  Boxing action animal images using five characteristics, namely: dragon, tiger, snake, crane, monkey.

  Long: lift freely, to be able to now hidden, winding-filled, ever changing.
  Tiger: Good brave flutter, V sit Zongyue, eyes, such as electricity, moving not from Granville.
  Snake: Not enough good channeling, see the hole that is the folding tray turn, flexion-extension nature.
  Crane: moving in a static, static and dynamic interchange, alone independent, durable sound.
  Monkey: climbing jumping, light and flexible, alert of Min, channeling jump flash show.Richard Sincere Spectrum

  Boxing many schools, different genres, which are not the same boxing spectrum. Selected from the following four check Sincere spectra recorded several versions, it is evident considerable.(One)

  Quad endless variations fist, and fell by overcast stitch leg head.
  Shen Zhang Step Right foot bomb set on a potential step into the sea Yasha.
  Bai Heliang consistent two wings, the wind pendulum willow day care situation.
  Shen Zhang and right foot step set bombs, pumping fists pounding cross-step withdrawal.
 He turned and hit the horse pick potential lead body by hand Pizhang suffer.
  Whale hekou lost potential outlook, turned back to the horse leg bruises.
  Do not pick a fight Pizhang hip, shoulder sleeve step kite catch potential.
  Bimodal ears sweet fist, the fist step further sets of overlapping palm.
  The step-arm capture Fang La, withdrawal step five sons of his fists.
  Step two from the line down the middle of the palm, kicking boxing sets step flat.
  Oolong wagging tail rockets, four boxing world with a cross.(B)

 Charles Mill Quad fist pass, line step wings Huang Ying aircraft.
 Helped by overcast stitch leg head. Satisfy days back three steps.
 Wear sleeve seated step by being cross into the sea Ying-door three no protection,
 Jumping the gun boxing right foot bomb. Cross-fist punch fist step withdrawal.
 Yasha step on the formula into the sea, turned horse pick playing style,
 Cut across the palm kneepad hanging saddle. Palm hanging leg swing withdrawal step.
 Phi lead hand palm close by, the pace of withdrawal afternoon by fists,
 Research division of duties to use hand shoulder. On the top step care palm heart elbow.
 Crane turned Plum Fair, head clap not wide,
 Jinlong hekou cross hanging saddle. Leg Raise your hands Baoquan exhibition.
 View lure back lost potential, break tie bar stays positive step,
 Line step fast as lightning. Kneepad leg wear sleeves hanging.
 Then hit the horse turned legs, then hit boxing step along the legs,
 Pick palm empty step steady as a mountain. Left kick right foot sideways bomb.
 Step out of the lead hand palm busy tease, wearing sleeves to cover up the palm Shoulders,
 Mountaineering tigers face palm. Lost potential fight off potential cupola.
 Opposite pick not play wide, pumping beam and changing column vibration urgent steps,
 Withdrawal step kite shoulder catch potential. Peg Phillips fist pacing.
 Open hand leg jumping from boxing, hands on the seven busy withdrawal step,
 Step back on single capture double wax. Shun Feng full swing flag type method.(C) four times a boxing immortal handed down, and fell head Kan overcast stitch leg. Cut back hammer soup bottle palm, withdrawal step with palm across the middle. Jumping the gun then hit go forward, right leg, left hand cut palm shells. Despite three knee Ying-door, Bai Heliang wings off tingqian. Swallow suction affixed to the line, before the jump start race Arrows. Step up the withdrawal of single-span roof, drilling gate connected generations horse boxing. Arms hold on progress by, Bai Heliang winged tingqian. Fairy shake lint palms, dragon claw hekou now. Palm arc line back to the horse a leg, turning brush claw dragon exploration. Tiger sideways across the mountain, relentless style match for. Anti-footed hardest, kite catch shoulder looking back. Step mention the Tiger capture Fang La, Xieshen looking back moon. General push two doors, fierce eagle grasping the nail heart hemlock. Golden horse jumping the gun fight, started double exhibition such as swallows. Cloud Hands Body jump palms, Ying-door push palm into the leg. Points volar stare tigers boxing, step withdrawal turned turned down. Foot stand to find the nest, wearing palm fresh shock foot cupola. Jiro Tam Hill to catch the sun and the moon, the Tigers cover seven fist fight. Downwind placed the flag in the middle stand, retractable false step on his fists. Asked fist name and surname, four boxing world with a cross.(Iv)
 Endless variations four punches, Rotary press overcast stitch leg head.
 Pumping sleeve the saddle positive cross lapel, sleeve nibbling hammer right foot bomb.
 Yasha step into the sea on the potential, lift the palm cross carved saddle stitch step.
 Extrusion step arrow from oriole rack, set nibbling hammer potential overturned.
 Lu Hai Ying-door three disregard mention kick planted step arrow hammer trend.
 Cross hammer fists pumping withdrawal step, then turned and hit the horse situation.
 The palm of the left leg hammer hanging vertical, cited by hand Pizhang suffer the body.
 Bai Heliang winged Guan shoulders, posing potential hekou odd whale.
 View lure back lost people, then hit back Matui rotation.
 Cross stitch palm tiger steady as a mountain, mountaineering tigers live potential step.
 Piquan not picked to play wide, shoulder sleeve step kite catch potential.
 Fog cloud then hit the inside, put the Tiger-step collapse fists.
 Step double embrace arms on January, five children step withdrawal of his fists.
 Step prop open heart palm top elbow, head Pizhang turned down.
 Britain tendon sheath more brave step, step lift tuck hands show.
 Diarrhea stopped positive step sequencer step, wearing palm kneepad leg volume.
 Then hit a step further along the leg, right foot sideways left stamp bomb.
 Wear cuff step Shoulders palm, lost potential traumatic situation sky.
 Pumping beam Huanbu earthquake emergency steps, wearing a centering sleeves potential single whip.
 Hand pick seven busy withdrawal step, the wind pendulum willow full potential method.
 Some people ask canning boxing, boxing four domestic transfer.
 ("traditional boxing") 
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