01300000435438130621390091532形意拳第三代宗師 李存義( 1847 至 1921 ) Xingyiquan third-generation master Li Cun-yi( 1847 至 1921 )
形意拳,發源於山西。由姬隆豐傳於山西太谷戴龍邦,及河南馬學禮;戴龍邦又傳河北涂州李洛能;於是形意拳在國內分別為山西,河南、河北三大主脈。李洛能傳郭雲深劉奇蘭;劉奇蘭,傳李存義先生等。其中最足道者:在滿清咸豐年間郭雲深先生,與八卦傳授人董海川先生,在京都比武三日,互相訂交,所以郭雲深先生擅形意之名,譽滿兩京。惟郭雲深先生尚僅習得形意拳五行,連環,及十二形之半,後由李存義先生,重訪山西太谷,始得全藝而歸,於是形意拳在河北一脈中,補足了形意十二形、安身砲、雜式錘、八式等。形意拳屬河北一脈之能發揚光大著,李存義先生之功不小。                                                                                                                                            
李存義,原名存毅,字肅堂,後改名存義,字忠元。生於清道光二十七年 (1847). 河北省深縣南小營村人。少時家貧,以幫人趕車為生。及長習長短拳技並周遊各地。中年師形意拳名家劉奇蘭學藝,後至京與程庭華等為友,並兼從董海川習八卦掌。其八卦掌技藝多為程庭華所授。曾任兩江總督督標把總,後至保定開設萬通鏢局,兼收徒授藝。 1900 年,以 53 歲之齡,毅然投身義和團,手持單刀上陣,奮起抗擊外敵,一時間 " 單刀李 " 之名,不脛而走。晚年棄鏢行,專志授徒。宣統三年 (1911) ,與葉雲表在津創辦中華武士會。後任教上海精武體育會、南洋公學院 ( 交通大學前身 ) 等地。生前于北方武術界威望甚高。 1921 年去世,終年 74 歲。著名弟子有黃柏年、郝恩光、尚雲祥、馬玉堂、李星階、傅劍秋、陳泮嶺等多人。525935_318583351558092_1119251040_n一代武術宗師陳泮嶺先生(一八九二至一九六七)Generation of martial arts master Mr. Chen Panling (1,892 to 1,967)形意拳為內家三拳之一,打法多直行直進,與八卦之橫走,太極之中定有顯著之差別.陳泮嶺師為李存義先生之關門弟子,北大學生時期即利用課餘時間前往李老隱居之山上從學,鑽研形意門之拳械功夫.形意拳本名心意六合拳或意拳,由明末武將山西姬隆豐所創,姬隆豐擅大槍,由槍法變拳法,且融入少林拳精華,創五行十形之心意六合拳.而後河北李洛能將心意拳改稱形意拳,風格也與原心意拳不同.原心意拳者多弓步側身,形意拳則為特有之三七步,而增,鼉兩形為十二形拳.形意拳者,象形取意,老祖宗的哲學觀中,五行金,水,木,火,土為天地之組成元素,由易之無極生太極兩儀四象後,再形成五行,談中國玄學山醫命卜相則不能不論五行,老祖宗以五行來分類天地萬物,堪輿學中以陽宅外觀分類為五形宅,論其生剋制化,而拳法家將拳勢歸類為五行,如鶴拳的五形手.而形意拳祖宗將攻守之法分為五行即劈,躦,崩,砲,橫.另外形意拳即為由槍所創之拳,則與槍法又脫不了關係,五行拳勢中,具備槍法攔拿札之意,以滾動之渾圓力為主,有壓,挑,劈,崩,進,抖等等槍法之術而形意拳於五行之基礎外,又加十二形之飛禽走獸,所謂天地五行,萬物十二形之組合,五行則東方甲乙木,南方丙丁火,中央戍己土,西方庚金辛,北方壬癸水為十天干之數,十二形則十二地支之數.中國人有十二生肖象十二時辰,形意以十二拳龍形,虎形,猴形,馬形,猴形,鼉形,雞形,鷂形,燕形,蛇形,形,鷹形,熊形,然萬物莫不由天地陰陽五行之氣所化,因此十二形之基礎在於五行拳,而五行又由四象,三才,兩儀,太極所生,因此五行拳之基在於三體式,形意之五行十二形諸拳式莫不由三體式所化.如三體式化作劈拳,劈拳有正劈拳與反劈拳,龍形,鷹形即反劈掌所化.形意拳中五行為正,而十二形為奇,奇正相生,循環無端.而形意拳託附達摩,岳武穆所創是否如此,習者不必追究,交給歷史學家去考證,所謂達摩西來一字無,全憑心意用功夫,任何學問莫不由心意而成就.故古人推功於達摩,岳飛等的精神罷了.形意拳之短打直進用於戰陣中最為適合,無花俏之招法,長勁亦是最快.兩軍交戰,千軍萬馬中,要能有閃轉騰挪之地不易,只有直行直進,走亦打,打亦走.如黃河之決堤.因此陳泮嶺師早年曾將形意拳送軍中審核為莒拳之戰鬥拳技.形意拳之傳授僅習五行與七星連環拳,李存義先生雖補足形意門之拳藝,然其教授僅注重五行與連環.五行與連環可謂形意拳必修之科目,而十二形拳古之形意名家有僅習一形或數形者,因十二形是進階之科目,無五行之基礎,十二形無法練好,五行練得好,對於十二形則能易於體會.古云教拳不教步,教步打師父,七星連環有形意步法與身法奧妙,有迷蹤拳之稱。7d33e0a3gb4afae9df73a&690
陳泮嶺先生在台中市模範農場傳授國術長達十八年。從學者,成立「九九健身會」於台中市農場Mr. Chen Panling teach martial arts as long as eighteen years in Taichung model farm. From academics, set up a "ninety-nine Fitness Club" in Taichung City FarmXingyiquan, originated in Shanxi. By Ji Long Feng pass on Taigu Dailong Bang, and Henan Ma Xueli; Dai Longbang they pass Hebei Tu Li Luoneng state; in the country were so xingyiquan Shanxi, Henan, Hebei and the three main veins. Li Luoneng pass GAVIN deep 刘奇兰; Liu Qilan, Mr. Chuan Li Cun-yi and so on. One of the most adequate way: In a Manchu emperor Xianfeng Mr. Guo Yunshen, and gossip teach people Mr. Dong Haichuan, Kyoto contest in three days, intersect each other, so Mr. Guo Yunshen trespassing Xingyi name, famous both Beijing. But Mr. Guo Yunshen yet learned Xingyiquan only five elements, comic, and 12 form the half, after by Mr. Li Cunyi revisit Taigu, may only full arts and go, so xingyiquan a vein in Hebei, make up the Xingyi 12 shapes, shelter guns, miscellaneous hammer, eight style and so on. Xingyiquan is Hebei flourish with a pulse of energy, the work of Mr. Li Cunyi not small.Li Cun Yi, formerly kept Yi, the word Su Tong, later renamed Cun-yi, word Zhong Yuan. Born in Qing dynasty 27 years (1847). Deep South County, Hebei Province, a small village people. Came from a poor family, in order to help people living coachman. And long practice and traveled throughout the length of boxing skills. Xing Yi Quan Liu Qilan famous middle-aged teacher apprenticeship, then to Beijing and Chengting Hua as the Friends, and chief learning from DongHaiChuan Bagua. Bagua their skills for more 程庭华 granted. Former Governor Governor Jiang two standard to the total, after opening to Baoding MassMutual Escort, and more experienced Shouyi. In 1900, at the age of 53, decided to join the Boxers, handheld single-handedly battle, rose up against foreign enemies, for a time, "single-handedly Lee" in the name, spread like wildfire. Biaohang abandoned old age, special Chi apprentices. Xuantong three years (1911), and Ye Jin was founded in Hua Wushi table meeting. After teaching Shanghai Jingwu Sports Association, Nanyang Academy (formerly Jiaotong University) and other places. Martial arts during his lifetime in the northern high prestige. Died in 1921, aged 74 years. Cork's famous disciples, the Haoen Guang, Shang Yunxiang, Ma Yutang, Li Xing bands, Fujian Qiu, Chen Pan Ling, and many others.Xing Yi Quan is one of three punches within the family, play more straight straight, and go cross gossip, will have a significant difference between being Taiji. Chen Pan Ling close adviser to Mr. Li Cunyi the disciples, Peking University students during the after school hours that go Li Lao mountain hideaway from the school, studying martial arts fist weapon Xingyi door. Liuhe Quan Xing Yi Quan, whose real name or Yiquan mind, by the late Ming generals created by Shanxi Ji Long Feng, Ji Long Feng good at the big guns, marksmanship change from boxing, and into the essence of Shaolin boxing, a form of the five elements ten Antique boxing. Luo Li Xinyi can then renamed Hebei Xingyiquan, style is also different from the original Xinyi. Xinyi were more original lunge sideways, xingyiquan was unique of three seven-step, while increasing, lizard-shaped two twelve-shaped punches. Xingyiquan who intended to take pictograms, philosophy of our ancestors, the five elements of metal, water, wood, fire and earth as an integral element of heaven and earth, after the Promise of Health Tai Chi Liang Yi Yi four images, and then the formation of the five elements, to talk about China Hill Medical metaphysics can not regardless of the phase of life Bu yang, the five elements of our ancestors to the classification of all things, the appearance of geomancy to be classified as five-shaped mansion house, 's Health and restraint,The boxing family will Quanshi classified as five elements, such as crane fist five shaped hands. And xingyiquan fathers will be divided into five elements of the law that is offensive and split, education was, collapse, guns, horizontal. Also created by Xing Yi Quan is the Fist by gun, then they can not avoid and marksmanship, Five Quan Shi, and have stopped to take marksmanship Sapporo meaning, with rounded scroll the main force, there is pressure, pick, split, collapse , forward, shaking. . . Etc. marksmanship of surgery. And on the basis of the five elements of Xingyiquan, but also added 12 shapes of animals, a combination of the so-called five elements of earth, of all things 12 shapes, the five elements of the Orient B wood fire Bingding south central garrison has been soil, Western Jin Xin Geng, Jen-kuei water for ten days dry north of the number, 12 shapes the number of the twelve Earthly Branches. Chinese people like the 12 hour zodiac, twelve Xingyi boxing dragon, tiger-shaped, monkey-shaped, horse-shaped, monkey-shaped, lizard-shaped chicken shaped, Kite, Yan-shaped, serpentine, shape, eagle-shaped bear-shaped, and then everyone all of the gas from the world of yin and yang,Therefore, it is to form the basis of twelve five elements boxing, but also by the four images of the five elements, the three powers, Liang Yi, Tai Chi born, so that the three groups of five elements boxing style, Xingyi Five of 12 shapes of various boxing style everyone from the three-body technology. Such as the three-body turned Piquan, there are rips rips and anti Piquan, dragon, eagle shaped by technology that is anti Pizhang. Five xingyiquan positive behavior, while 12 shapes as odd, strange being with students, gratuitous circulation. The attached Dharma xingyiquan care, whether created by Yuewu Mu so, learning does not have to be investigated, to the historians to research, called Da Moxi to the word no, depends on the mind with the effort, but the mind of any learning achievement by everyone . Therefore, in the spirit of the ancients push power Bodhidharma, Yue Fei Bale. Xingyiquan the bunt straight for the war to the most suitable, no bells and whistles of the tactics, long-Jin is also the fastest. Two armies at war, a mighty force, we should be able to have a flash turn maneuvers land is not easy, and only straight straight, go also to play, go play also. Such as the Yellow River burst its banks.So Chen touts his early years in the audit will xingyiquan send troops to fight Ju boxing boxing skills. The only study to teach Xingyiquan Five and Seven series fists, although Mr. Li Cunyi Xingyi boxing arts complement the door, and then only pay attention to the five elements and their professor chain. Five of the chain can be described as xingyiquan compulsory subjects, while twelve fist Xingyi famous ancient practice has only one shape or form by number, because the advanced form of twelve subjects, no basis of the five elements, the second form can not be Enhancing the five elements turn out good, then for 12 shapes can be easily experience. Guyun teach boxing do not teach step, playing teacher to teach step, seven serial tangible meaning footwork and agility secret, there Behind boxing said。7d33e0a3ga1cf0bf607d8&6907d33e0a3ga1cf21172ad2&690陳泮嶺先生在台中市模範農場傳授國術長達十八年。從學者,成立「九九健身會」於台中市農場Mr. Chen Panling teach martial arts as long as eighteen years in Taichung model farm. From academics, set up a "ninety-nine Fitness Club" in Taichung City Farm

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