Chinese martial arts culture to share: Chinese martial arts, is the creation and development of the Chinese nation, with fitness, body care, anti-enemy, winning the role, known as one of China's four national essence, loved by people of all nationalities.
The martial arts has a long history in China. The origin of the martial arts can be traced back to primitive society, primitive stick holding stone tools equivalent to the beast fight. Learned some basic fighting and fight skills. The original war, single-man skills to perfect. The Qin Dynasty, the princes of countries attached great importance to the cultivation and training of the soldiers fighting techniques, fencing to be developed. Han Dynasty, with the fighting nature of the angle of arrival has been broad-based, the invention of iron weapons, and appeared in the arrangement of up consecutive offensive and defensive routines. To the Jin Dynasty, the martial arts activities have been "I decided to be technique", the martial arts began to take shape. Tang Dynasty, is the boom years of the Chinese martial arts, Tang Empress Wu open arms held many martial arts talent to stand out, the earliest record of the world-famous Shaolin martial arts since the Tang dynasty. Song Dynasty, the Chinese martial arts and more mature. Fitness martial arts has become an important part of the lofty ideals of life. Moreover, in civil society and had formed a study martial arts organization "Society" and the martial arts genre. The Yuan Dynasty, there have been some martial arts to teach martial arts as the main content. Ming and Qing Dynasties, the broader civil martial arts, martial art everywhere, there have been hundreds of Wushu martial arts schools tend to stereotypes.
Chinese martial arts have a unique style. The main content of the martial arts, boxing routines and equipment. Boxing and different categories, the routines have a long or short, just soft, Danlian right to practice different styles, different performance. But the common requirement is that coherent action, and from the varied, undulating transition, fast and agile, and a distinct rhythm. In the martial arts action and practice it, the role of offensive and defensive, such as kick, hit, throw, take, strike, stab, such action is composed of the main factors of the Wushu forms, they have a different drill features and offensive and defensive law. Has Vivid, inside and outside one of the charm of Chinese martial arts, martial arts action is extracted from the combat offensive and defensive techniques, thus requiring the hand to the eyes, Shoujiyankuai; hands and feet go hand in hand, the upper and lower co-ordination; Italian collar body with gas reminder force; awareness, breathing, action must be harmony. In the long-term development of Chinese martial arts, and gradually evolved into the 18 martial arts, or 18 weapons. Generally considered that 18 weapons, including: "Daoqiangjianji, ax hook Fork, stick lance stick, whip hammer caught, the kidnapper meteor. The ancient Chinese weapons far more than 18 kinds, 18 weapons or martial arts usually referred only to a pan.
Chinese martial arts culture is rich in numerous disciplines. According to the classification of the endemic areas, is divided into fist, tai chi; mountains, temples, classification can be divided into the Shaolin boxing, Wudang boxing, Emei boxing; image classification, can be divided into a snake boxing, monkey boxing, mantis boxing; technical content The classification is divided into boxing class, equipment class, Qigong, wrestling. Boxing classes include the long fist, tai chi, Nan Quan, Xing Yi Quan, Bagua Quan, Arm boxing and so on. Machinery including broadsword, sword, spear, cudgel four major forms of Qigong class, including the home of Zen Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism, medicine and the boxing home five factions. Wrestling wrestling and sumo originated in ancient China, now known as the Chinese-style wrestling.
In the history of the development of Chinese martial arts, the most famous martial arts schools Shaolin, Wudang and Emei.
(1) Shaolin martial arts. Originated in the Henan Songshan Shaolin Temple. Shaolin martial arts is extremely rich in content, of which the essence of Shaolin boxing is known as the "Shaolin boxing" means Dragon Punch, tiger boxing, leopard boxing, snake boxing and crane boxing, divided into small Fist Fist of Luohan, plum pile gun hammer and other dozens of Shaolin boxing, knife, gun, sword, shovel, rods and other instruments of martial law and create the Shaolin Gong, martial arts, the yin and yang power, Hun Yuan a Qigong Qigong. Shaolin boxing in the thousand years of development, gradually divided into the Northern School of Shaolin boxing and the Southern School of Shaolin boxing.
(2) Wudang martial arts. Originated in Hubei were County Wudang Mountain got its name. Wudang martial arts originated in the Yuan and Ming, was popular in the late Ming and early Qing dynasties. Wudang boxing style characterized by inaction, Yiroukegang short known to slow blow fast to Italy shipped empty to the air transport body. Wudang boxing the Promise boxing, kite changquan, apes and bowed to the ground boxing-year-old Sanshou and five Taiyi element boxing and so on. Wudang weapons Wudang sword, white rainbow sword, Kuni gun, Kuni knife, Songxi stick and so on. Taiquan boxing is famous Wudang boxing, a great impact. Tai chi in the long-term spread, the evolution of many tribes of which the most widely circulated and influential Tai Chi Chen Style Tai Chi, Yang style Tai Chi Chuan, Wu Style, Wu style Tai Chi Chuan and Sun Style. After refining sorting, and Simplified Tai Chi Chuan, 48-style Taijiquan, 88 type shadowboxing routine.
(3) Emei martial arts. Originated from Mount Emei, Sichuan, formed in the Ming Dynasty. The Emei boxing collection of many long, forming a unique technique and style. Its main martial art is characterized by small movements, changes, softness, leveraging the power of inaction and static and dynamic system, attack and defense more advantage of the opportunity before drilling, leveraging counterattack fast win. Emei martial arts monk door, Yue Mun, Truman, Zhao door and freemason of the door, the word door, Hui door home, but also divided into Lin Huang Yi points, Qingcheng, Tiefo,, blue bull and five martial art .
In addition, qigong, and wrestling are also Chinese martial arts place.
Qigong is a healing and fitness, longevity, health preservation and self physical and mental training methods. Qigong
Gradually with the theories and doctrines in the development of a combination. Confucian Yang Qi, aimed at self-cultivation. Martial arts boxing domestic gas, designed the product gas. Medical domestic gas, designed to cure disease fitness. Buddhist raise gas, designed to eliminate distractions, and to achieve meditation. Many Qigong, known especially Taoist Qigong.
Wrestling is a two phase angle of a martial arts sport, wrestling in general according to body weight classification, and make the opponents of any part of the body (except feet) touchdown for the win. One of the traditional sport of wrestling is also part of the minority, Mongolian, Korean, Kazakh, and Bonan so fond of wrestling.
Chinese martial arts since the Tang and Song dynasties, gradually transfer to foreign countries. Japan, Korea, Vietnam and Southeast Asian countries, martial arts are many, and the formation of a number of martial arts. In the United States and Europe, Chinese martial arts are very far-reaching, said the Chinese Martial Arts Kung Fu. Many Westerners to understand Chinese culture first of all start from the understanding of Chinese martial arts. Chinese martial arts is an important contribution to world culture of the Chinese people.
Cultural characteristics of Chinese martial arts
(A) blending martial in Physical
Martial arts as a means of military training initially, and the ancient military struggle closely linked to the characteristics of their martial art is obvious. In the utility, its purpose is destruction, uniforms each other, it is often the most effective martial art method, forcing the other to lose the capacity for resistance. These martial surgery is still the military, public security in using. The martial arts as a sport, is still technically without losing the characteristics of defending and attacking, but the martial art resides in the struggle movement and routine movement. Embodies the characteristics of the martial arts of offensive and defensive fighting fight sport, technical and practical martial art is basically the same, but starting from the concept of sports, it is constrained by the competition rules, the principle not to hurt each other. Such as casual hands of some traditional martial arts and practical martial art methods limit the strict rules that hit parts of the apparatus used in the protective brace, short soldiers made the appropriate changes, push hands is in the special technical provisions under the competitive confrontation. Therefore, we can say that the martial arts, wrestling sport has a very strong defending and attacking, but with the practical art of attack and different.
(B) internal and external integration, the Vivid ethnic styles and a wide range of adaptability
Both studies the physical specifications, but also to seek the spirit of the Communication, internal and external integration of the overall concept, is a major feature of the Chinese martial arts. Within the so-called, refers to the heart, God, Italian and other efforts toward activities and atmosphere of the operation; the so-called foreign hand-eye body step, and other physical activities. Inside and outside, form and spirit are interrelated and unified whole. Martial arts internal and external integration Vivid features to reflect primarily through martial arts exercises and techniques. Practice Manner in training the bones and skin "is the criteria of the various factions practice martial arts exercise form, content rich, competitive antagonistic Sanshou, pushing hands, short soldiers, there are a variety of martial arts for exercise equipment and training, as well as compatible with a variety of practice methods. Boxing and equipment have different structure for action, technical requirements, movement style and amount of exercise, respectively, to adapt to the needs of people of different age, gender, physical, people can choose to practice on their own terms and interest in hobbies. Meanwhile, the lower its space, equipment requirements, commonly known as "the land of the punch wau, practitioners can practice according to the size of the venue change the contents and form, even if the moment there is no equipment, can also be unarmed martial art practice. In general, by the time the season limit is also very small. Compared to many sports projects, with a wider range of adaptability. / Baidu